Big Wash (15 photos)

One of the attractions of Abidjan, capital of Cote d'Ivoire - laundress faniko. In the language of Dioula "Fanny" means "cloth, clothes," and "to" - "to wash." So, faniko - is "one who washes clothes." Washerwomen here work exclusively men and women work hard to be found only in the soap factories.

Long before dawn faniko bypasses the house to collect a job for the day. Some customers live 3 kilometers from the river. We have to put things in a wooden cart or bundle up and set up on the head. Faniko then sent to the river by the bank.

At what cost a laundry service? Wash shirt is $ 0.07 (2 Russian rubles) and a sheet - $ 0.14 (4 rubles). It is understandable why faniko have so much work to get men.

Washing is unthinkable without soap from palm oil. Therefore, the recruits had to use it properly. Use three different types of soap, different colors: white and yellow - for lightly soiled fabrics, black - for very dirty. In the black soap dyes its main ingredient - palm oil. As each faniko per day spends no less than ten pieces were attached near soap-boiler.

Soap making - not a simple matter, it starts at six in the morning. At the local market, bought the necessary materials ahead of time: condensed palm oil, alkali, salt, Annonas juice, cocoa butter and coconut. All of these organic substances are merged into the pot and simmer over a fire. Approximately six hours soapy concoction comes to the condition, and it is poured into tin forms. When a few hours of soap hardens, it is cut in large pieces.

Then the soap factories worker puts the goods in a plastic bowl, put it on his head and down to the river. But when buying a washer soap, if he is busy working? A woman comes up to his waist in the river, launches its basin and sells soap washer, keeping them from working.

Looking at the huge pile of clothes, can not help asking: how they are stored, where is whose?

First, when the washer collects things for washing, he notices the size of clothes for each family member to remember who owns what. No caption or tags. Then on each garment of one family he ties knots in the same place, such as the left or right sleeve, on the collar or on a belt. During washing clothes, he adds, taken from one yard, in a separate pile. We still think it's too hard. "Faniko never lose a thing!"

Can anyone come and start washing in the river bank? Far from it! First you need to go through the whole procedure. Future faniko to withstand a three-month trial period, during which it teaches veteran laundry. During this time the novice master the science of remembering. If he does not succeed, he will have to seek work elsewhere. But those who show skill, will be able to purchase at a reasonable cost workplace - recessed into the water bus, which no one but he has no right to use it.

If you go here, be prepared that you will have to extort money for the shoot.

This is only superficially it seems that everything is not organized. In fact, here everyone has a clear place, there is a guard, head, etc. Rules about how to market.

The annual pyrotechnic festival in Tultepeke (12 pics + 1 video)

Mexican town Tultepek each year is the venue for the national pyrotechnic festival (Feria Nacional de la Pirotecnia Tultepec), which brings together both producers and a large number of pyromaniac.

By the usual rides, catering establishments and other entertainment, the inherent almost all festivals on the 9th five day festival in Tultepeke added also various pyrotechnic show and fireworks, which are the key events and colorful holiday.

One of the most extreme entertainment festival is a competition "Castillos" ("Castles") for nearly two weeks, participants are building castles in the whole paper and wood (not forgetting, of course, about the fireworks), which are then mounted on the platform and on the day of the contest trafficked through the city streets, explosions and flashing lights. Who visited the festival American photographer Thomas Prior captures some moments of extreme pyrotechnic competition:

10 Rare animals with strange adaptations

As you know, nature always finds a way to survive. No matter how adverse conditions threaten the survival of creatures, some species, ultimately, adapt and find the best way to survive in their environment as they face little choice: adapt or die. Every animal on this planet has grown and changed over thousands of years to become what it is today. And sometimes, these changes manifest a truly strange ways. Ten animals presented below are fantastic examples of the innate adaptability, which is present in all beings, even if as a result of this, we get something completely unexpected.

1. Maned wolf (Maned Wolf)

Maned wolf or Chrysocyon brachyurus, is representative of the canine family, which includes dogs, wolves and foxes. Maned wolf, which has reddish fur and erect ears, looks very much like a normal fox, with only one striking difference - his long, graceful legs, which probably would have looked better on the African gazelle than on any kind of wolves. And despite its name, the maned wolves actually are not wolves - they are only distantly related to any other members of the canine family and were able to take their own unique niche in the world of animals.

Believed that the distinctive long legs maned wolf an adaptation aimed at helping this species to survive in the grasslands of South Africa. In the vast field of tall grass, the only protection is the ability to see predators before they can get to you. Their ears are also adapted to the meadows, allowing the maned wolf to catch even the quiet rustle of rodents scurrying through the grass, which is the main staple food in their diet.

2. Malayan flying lemurs (Sunda Flying Lemur)

Like a flying squirrel, Malayan flying lemurs or Galeopterus variegatus, has developed a unique way of moving through the trees in their environment. It uses a fold of skin that stretch between his legs, he actually glides through the air, flying from branch to branch. From birth to death, Malay sherstokryly lived all his life in the crowns of tropical forests across Southeast Asia. Their feet and limbs are well adapted for climbing, but virtually useless for movement on the ground, which means that the fall of the land to them will almost certainly be a death sentence.

In the fully open state, the thickness of the skin membrane, called patagy , is only 1 millimeter, but an area that is six times the size of the rest of the body lemur. It is also very effective - Malaysian sherstokryly can fly up to 100 meters in a single jump, and they do so without wasting more than 10 meters in height during the flight. In English, their name sounds a bit misleading, since Malay lemur can not fly and is not a lemur. This animal belongs to the order of mammals known as sherstokryly or Caguán and Malay sherstokryly make up half of the entire world population of this group. The other half are Caguán, known as the Philippine sherstokryly (Philippine flying lemur).

3. Gerenuks (Gerenuk)

Antelope looks pretty cool no matter what they do, but gerenuks can rise head and shoulders above the other species of antelope in the literal sense. We gerenuks, also known as Giraffidae gazelle (Litocranius walleri) unreasonably long neck and thin, elongated legs that give them a unique opportunity to feeding. Instead graze and eat grass like other antelopes, gerenuks are right on their hind legs and feed almost exclusively leaves and shoots of acacia trees, which are often found in African savannas.

Surprisingly, gerenuks evolved to take such an unusual source of food, because in the world there are 91 species of antelope, and most of them live in Africa. Therefore, considering such competition, gerenuks decided to switch to another way of food. Unfortunately, while their long, slender legs are perfect for giving them the stability to achieve the acacia leaves, they are also incredibly fragile, and at the moment there were several occasions when gerenuks broken leg bones during their run through the savanna . This once again proves that focusing on one area may leave other aspects of life is a work in progress.

4. Iravadiyskih dolphin (Irrawaddy Dolphin)

Iravadiyskih dolphin or Orarella brevirostris, is one of the species of dolphins, which are mainly found along the coast and estuaries of South-East Asia, particularly in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of eastern India. Close relatives of killer whales, dolphins have adapted iravadiyskih not through physical characteristics, and by producing a rather unique behavior. Over the years they have developed a kind of partnership with the local fishermen - they chase schools of fish to the networks of fishermen, and in return they get their share of a cornered and helpless fish before the net hauled aboard.

This is an incredible example of the adaptation of nature to human influence, and in the world (in the wild) no other species of wild animals that have interacted in such a close cooperation with the people. Even more incredible is the fact that there have been several reports of court cases of the 19th century, in which one fisherman sued by another fisherman, because "it iravadiyskih Dolphins' helped opponent.

5. Crested deer (Tufted Deer)

People think of deer some of the friendliest animals in the world. They are timid, herbivores, and can be a threat only when they kick in fear, escape into the woods. They also almost never have fangs. However, tufted deer in China must have forgotten about it. They are so named because of the small bundle of black fur, which usually grows on the crest of their heads. Yet their most striking feature is the large vampire fangs that grow out of their mouths.

Like horns, fangs, these are used in fights between males during mating. I crested the deer have horns, but they are relatively small so during the fight, they first hit each other with horns, but as soon as one of them falls, the second straight teeth bites into the opponent's vulnerabilities, these canines can act breath for 2, 5 centimeters. And without that weird deer were seen feeding on carrion, dead animals - which, to put it mildly, very rare in the animal world. Thus, they not only battling their rivals fangs, but still eat meat.

6. Grasshopper species Cyphonia Clavata

This is not an ant sitting on the back of another beetle - a kind of grasshopper, a naming Cyphonia clavata, have adapted by growing a realistic projection on the back, in the form of an ant. Grasshoppers are generally very entertaining insects, there are many disguises that have developed certain types, to adapt to their habitats.

In this example, the grasshopper Cyphonia chose to follow the insect to which, as we know it is difficult to hunt - ant. He carefully copied the structure of the ant, in detail, down to the studs that protrude from the back of an ant - by which he is so neappetiten to predators. This species of grasshoppers was first discovered in 1788 by Caspar Strllom (Caspar Stroll), an entomologist from Germany. These grasshoppers live in the tropical forests of Central America.

7. Indian muntjac (Southern Red Muntjac)

Indian muntjac is a small deer, endemic to south Asia. We muntjac has several unique features that are not found in other deer. The most unique feature of them has led to what the locals call them barking deer. When the deer sense danger, they make a sound like a short, sharp bow (like a dog), warning other deer in the herd, it is necessary to run. Depending on the risk, these bursts of barking can last more than an hour at a time.

They also differ from other species of deer in other aspects. Like the tufted deer, muntjac have have short fangs, which they use during the breeding season. However, unlike tufted deer, muntjac have have large horns that grow in an incredibly unique shape on the tops of their heads.

8. Crowned Amazon Mukhoed (Amazonian Royal Flycatcher)

In birds, there is often a large, richly decorated with tufts of feathers, which they use during courtship rituals. Peacock is a prime example of such behavior. However, less known, but no less impressive example of this behavior is crowned Amazon Mukhoed (Onychorhynchus coronatus coronatus). The body length of these relatively small birds, is about 16.5 inches, and, as is clear from their titles crowned Amazon Mukhoyedy live mainly in the Amazon jungles of South America.

However, they have a distinctive characteristic. While most species of birds, bright colorful plumage is only one sex (usually males), in the Amazonian crowned Mukhoed, the heads of both sexes are decorated with large brightly colored feathers. Females usually yellow feathers, and males are bright orange. Curious thing is that Amazon crowned Mukhoyedy reveal their colorful halos only during the mating season - and when they are in the hands of the people.

9. Ants with hooks (Fish-Hook Ants)

In the depths of the national park Viračej (Virachey National Park) in Cambodia, to live a unique view Muravev. Ants with hooks (Polyrhachis bihamata), Living in Kolonia, čislennostʹû the multi-million osobej, usually in pustyh a log or in loess podstilke. Neobyčno to term it, What of them spin Torcato two vyroste, resembling the form of Fishing Hooks. How can and was by predpoložitʹ - This Protective mechanism. Hooks sharp enough to serve moŝnym otpugivatelem predators. When they were zadokumentirovany učënymi in 2007, one of the issledovatelej obnaružil sobstvennom Experience, What šípy were not only spicy enough, to penetrate into the skin, they also "ucepilisʹ» Early by automatically prikreplââ ant to this, Who ego atakuet. For one ant It can be not very good new, but in the whole so favorable situation for the whole colony.

No. This is not edinstvennyj Unusual aspect of these Muravev - when it is under the Endangered colony, they vysypaût Thousands of different from muravejnika, and sceplâûtsâ with each other via Kryuchkov for creating massive skoplenij, What practical does not permit nikakomu predator nacelitʹsâ the otdelʹnogo ant.

10 Salamandra "ET" (ET salamander)

So far, this newly discovered type of salamander has no name, but it has been dubbed the salamander "ET" because of his resemblance to the alien from the movie "Alien" in 1982. In this salamander found in the tropical forests of Ecuador, there is only one truly incredible adaptation - it has no lungs. It is likely to "breathe" through the skin absorbing oxygen from the ambient air. Researchers from the international organization for the protection of the environment, described it as "a surprisingly ugly", which is certainly an apt description of the tiny amphibians.

So far, we still do not know much about this salamander. Scientists plan to find a lot of new things during his expedition to explore the unique biosphere Ecuadorian rainforest.

Severe Latvian holidays: hotel-prison Karosta

"The rich have their quirks," - say you learn about a new hotel in Latvia, which has gained unprecedented popularity among tourists from all over the world. His name - Karosta - the building is notorious because it is there for a long time, there was a prison where he is serving sentence Soviet and Nazi prisoners during World War II and after. Today it is - a thematic hotel, the walls of which less than a century ago, there were mass executions, and now rest thrill seekers.

An unusual hotel is considered one of the main attractions of Latvia, it is in the city of Liepaja. Visitors are invited to tour, during which everyone can visit the most hidden corners of the old prison, learn scary stories about ghosts and all sorts of mysterious incidents that have occurred within these walls, visit the museum Karosta and, most importantly, book your stay in one of the prison cells .

Of course, Karosta - is not the only prison, transformed into a hotel. Suffice it to recall the terrible "Alcatraz" in London or luxury hotel Het Het Arrestuis Arrestuisroskoshny hotel in the Netherlands. Karosta unique in that it allows our contemporaries look at a real prison life of the communist era. Of course, all this is more like a good publicity stunt, except that the visitors before visiting the prison signed an agreement under which the staff treat them as prisoners. And this has led to a conclusion that a walk through the dungeons Karosta little resemblance to the costume show.

Accommodation at the hotel the night in the chamber assumes no amenities - just an old mattress, postelennuyu on wooden boards, lunch, served through the tiny barred window in the door, and, of course, does unflattering treatment by the "protection." The property subject to the same laws as in an ordinary prison: any refusal to obey the rules is punishable by physical punishment and forced cleaning of the territory.

If the prison regime would be impressive enough for guests, staff is ready to share many frightening stories about ghosts living here. That light bulb itself can be turned out, the doors open, sometimes the sound of chains in the old crossings or blows cold off the walls. By the way, the world-famous ghost hunters, the company «Ghost Hunters International» in 2009, visited the hotel, and finally said that it is one of the most active places in which they had visited.

Karosta building was constructed in 1900, was originally used as a hospital, and later - as a prison and the Soviet and Nazi executive agencies. During the war, the Nazis shot here Latvian deserters. To fully realize the horror that people have experienced, being here in prison, it is enough to see the preserved inscription on the wall of an encrypted single camera: «izeja no elles», which translated from the Latvian means "the way out of hell."

Emotions and mood in the photos (36 pieces)

Today's collection is dedicated to the emotional pictures to our favorite dads and passed Father's Day (Father's Day), which is celebrated in many countries on the third Sunday in June: